Celebrating Dominican Republic Independence Day (Raleigh, North Carolina)- Today marks the anniversary of the Dominican Republic’s Independence.
The following is some historical information gathered from Wikipedia:
The Dominican Independence War gave the Dominican Republic independence from Haiti in 1844.
Before the war, the whole island of Hispaniola had been under Haitian rule for 22 years when Haiti occupied the newly independent state of Haití Español in 1822.
Juan Pablo Duarte was young, educated, a genuine nationalist, and the man that helped lead and inspire the Dominican War of Independence of 1844.
Duarte, along with Matías Ramón Mella and Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, founded a resistance movement in 1838 called La Trinitaria (“The Trinity”).
It was so named because its original nine members had organized themselves into cells of three.
The cells went on to recruit as separate organizations, maintaining strict secrecy, with little or no direct contact among themselves, in order to minimize the possibility of detection by the Haitian authorities.
Many recruits quickly came to the group, but it was discovered and forced to change its name to La Filantrópica (literally “The Philanthropic”, in Spanish), and continued agitating against the Haitians.
In 1843 the revolution made a breakthrough: they worked with a liberal Haitian party that overthrew President Jean Pierre Boyer.
However, the Trinitarios’ work in the overthrow gained the attention of Boyer’s replacement, Charles Riviere-Hérard.
Rivière-Hérard imprisoned some Trinitarios and forced Duarte to leave the island.
While gone, Duarte searched for support in Colombia and Venezuela, but was unsuccessful.
In December 1843, the rebels told Duarte to return since they had to act quickly because they were afraid the Haitians had learned of their insurrection plans.
When Duarte had not returned by February (because of illness), the rebels decided to take action anyway with the leadership of Francisco del Rosario Sánchez, Ramón Matías Mella, and by Pedro Santana, a wealthy cattle-rancher from El Seibo who commanded a private army of peons who worked on his estates.
On February 27, 1844, thereafter celebrated as Dominican Independence Day, the rebels seized the Ozama Fortress in the capital.
The Haitian garrison, taken by surprise and apparently betrayed by at least one of its sentries, retired in disarray.
Within two days, all Haitian officials had left Santo Domingo. Mella headed the provisional governing junta of the new Dominican Republic.
We congratulate the Dominican Republic on the celebration of their 169th anniversary of Dominican independence.
Carolina Exposed Multi Media stands with the people of the Dominican Republic as you celebrate the anniversary of your independence.
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