America’s Independence Day, July 4th, is fast approaching and it’s time to celebrate.
Most celebrations consist of Fireworks, Family Reunions, Concerts, Barbecues, Picnics and parades.
This year, along with the celebrations, we want to share some history on this holiday.
The holiday marks the day when America declared its independence from Great Britain during what is known as the Revolutionary War.
The legal separation of the 13 colonies from Great Britain actually occurred on July 2nd, 1776, when the Second Continental Congress voted to approve a resolution of Independence that had been proposed in June by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia declaring the United States Independent from Great Britain.
One of the most infamous battles ever in the history of America was the Battle at Bunker Hill also referred to “The Battle of Breed’s Hill”.
It was at this battle that British troops tried to occupy the unoccupied hills surrounding Breed’s Hill.
It was this battle that a former slave by the name of Salem Poor was awarded 14 Unit Citations for his valor and bravery during this battle.
Salem Poor was born into slavery in Andover, Mass.
He managed to buy his freedom in 1769 and in 1775 he enlisted in the militia, serving under Captain Benjamin Ames in Colonel James Fryes’ regiment, opposing British troops stationed in Boston.
Poor is best known for mortally wounding British Lieutenant Colonel James Abercrombie during the battle.
Poor’s valor and gallantry at the Battle of Bunker Hill caused 14 Officers, including Colonel William Prescott, to cite him for heroism and petition the General Court of Massachusetts with the following statement:
The Reward due to so great and Distinguished a Character. The subscribers beg leave to Report to your Honorable. House (Which We do in justice to the Character of so Brave a man) that under Our Own observation, we declare that a Negro Man called Salem Poor of Col. Fryes Regiment, Capt. Ames Company in the late Battle of Charleston, behaved like an Experienced Officer, as Well as an Excellent Soldier, to Set forth Particulars of his Conduct would be Tedious, We Would Only beg leave to say in the Person of this Negro Centers a Brave & gallant Soldier.
This July 4th Holiday, we would like to pay homage to all soldiers who fought and died for America’s Independence. Have a Safe and Happy Independence Day.
On July 10, 1775, George Washington decided to end the recruitment of African Americans.
On November 12th 1775, he issued orders prohibiting all Black men from serving in the Continental Army.